# Index

## A

- ABS
**see**Braking/brakes - Active Traffic Management (ATM) signs rule 269
- Advanced stop lines rule 61, rule 71 and rule 178
- Airbags rule 101
- Alcohol rule 68, rule 95 and penalties
- Animals rules 47 to 58, rules 214 to 215 and rule 286
- Horses rules 47 to 56, rule 163, rule 187, rules 214 to 215 and rule 286
- Animals at level crossings rule 294
- Animals on motorways rule 253 and rule 275

- Arm signals – rule 53, rule 55, rule 67, rule 74, rule 103 and signals to other road users
- Attitude rule 147

## B

- Baby seats
**see**Rear-facing baby seats - Battery vehicle maintenance safety and security
- Bends rule 2, rule 125, rule 146, rule 160, rule 166, rule 231 and rule 243
- Blind spots rule 159, rule 161, rule 202 and rule 267
- Blue Badge scheme rule 45
- Box junctions rule 174 and other road markings
- Brake warning lights rule 103, rule 235 and brake light signals
- Braking/brakes rules 117 to 122, rule 231, rule 237 and vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- ABS braking rule 120
- condition of ABS braking vehicle maintenance, safety and security

- Breakdowns rule 274
- at level crossings rule 299
- on motorways rules 274 to 277

- Bright sunlight
**see**Dazzle - Bus lanes rule 141 and rule 240
- Bus stops rule 243
- Buses rule 223 and rule 265

## C

- Car phones
**see**Mobile phones - Caravans – rule 98, rule 124, rule 160, rule 250 and rule 265
- Central islands rule 7, rule 20, rule 28, rule 30, rule 197 and rule 243
- Changing lanes rule 133, rule 134 and rule 151
- Chicanes rule 153
- Child locks rule 102
- Child restraints rule 99, rule 100 and rule 102
- Children
- cars rule 99, rule 100, rule 102 and vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Green Cross Code – rule 7 and rule 30
- horses rule 215
- motorways rule 275
- other goods vehicles – rule 99, rule 100 and rule 102
- parking rule 239
- pedestrian crossings rule 18 and rule 29
- pedestrians – rule 7, rule 202, rules 204 to 210 and rule 306
- vans rule 99, rule 100 and rule 102
- young rule 4

- Clearways rule 240 and traffic signs
- Climbing/crawler lane rule 139
- Clothing
- cyclists rule 59
- drivers – rule 97 and rule 228
- horse riders rule 49
- motorcyclists – rules 83 to 84 and rules 86 to 87
- pedestrians rule 3, rule 5, rule 17 and rule 58

- Coasting rule 122
- Concentration rules 148 to 150 and rule 288
- Consideration rule 144 and rule 147
- Conspicuity
- cyclists rules 59 and 60
- horse-drawn vehicles rule 48
- horse riders rules 49 and 50
- motorcyclists rules 86 and 87
- pedestrians rule 3, rule 5, rule 17 rule 58

- Contraflow systems rule 290
- Controlled crossings rule 7, rules 22 to 30, rules 79 to 82 and rules 196 to 199
- Controlled parking zones rule 238 and rule 245
- Controls rule 97
- Country roads rule 154
- Courtsey rule 147
- Crossing the road rules 7 to 35
- cyclists rules 79 to 82

- Crossings
**see**Pedestrian crossings - Crossroads (unmarked) rule 146
- Crosswinds rule 232
- Cruise control rule 150
- Cycle lanes and tracks
- Cycle maintenance/choice You and your bicycle
- Cycle-only crossing rule 81
- Cyclists and cycling rules 59 to 82, rules 211 to 213 and rule 253
- junctions – rules 72 to 75, rule 170, rules 177 to 178, rule 180, rules 182 to 183 and rule 211
- overtaking/clearance rule 65, rule 129, rule 160, rule 163, rule 212 and rule 232
- pedestrians rule 13, rule 62 and rule 66
- rear observation rule 67 and rule 212 -roundabouts rules 76 to 78 and rule 187
- routes rules 61 to 63 and rule 65
- traffic lights rule 69, rule 71, rules 79 to 82 and rules 177 to 178

-trams rule 306 - turning rule 74 and rule 212

## D

- D plates Motorcycle licence requirements
- Dangerous goods rules 284 to 285
- Dazzle rule 93, rule 115 and rules 236 to 237
- Decriminalised parking Decriminalised parking enforcement
- Demisters rule 229, rule 235 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Diagonal stripes/chevrons rule 130 and Road markings
- Direction indicators
**see**Signals - Disabled rule 204 and rule 207
- Distractions rules 148 to 150
- Documents rules 286 to 287 and Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- Dogs (including guide dogs) rules 56 to 57 and rule 207
- Double white lines rules 128 to 129, rule 165, rule 240 and Road markings
- Drinking and driving rule 68, rule 95 and Penalties
- Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) officers
- Driving, general advice rules 144 to 156
- Driving licence
- Drugs/medicine rule 68 and rule 96
- Dual carriageways
- Dull weather rule 115

## E

- Electric vehicles rule 224
- Emergency telephones rule 275, rule 280 and rule 283
- Emergency vehicles rule 31, rule 219 and rule 281
- Environmental issues rule 123
- Equestrian crossings rule 27, rule 79 and rule 199
- Exhaust systems Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Eyesight/vision rules 92 to 94

## F

- Fatigue rule 91, rule 237 and rule 262
- Filter lights rule 177
- Fire Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- First aid rule 283 and First aid on the road
- Fitness to drive rules 90 to 91
- Flashing amber beacons rule 220 and rule 225
- Flashing headlights rule 60 and rules 110 to 111
- Flashing signals
- Fluorescent/reflective clothing
- Fog rules 234 to 236
- Footpaths
- cyclists rule13, rule 62, rule 64 and rule 70
- drivers rule 145
- horses rule 54
- pedestrians rules 1 to 2, rule 4 and rule 13
- prohibited vehicles rules 157 to 158

- Footway
**see**Pavements

## G

## H

- Hard shoulder
**see**Motorways - Hazard warning lights rule 116, rule 274, rules 277 to 278 and rule 283
- Hazard warning plates rule 284 and Vehicle markings
- Head restraints rule 97 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Headlamps and headlights rules 113 to 115, rule 226, rule 235 and rule 239
- motorcycle rule 87

- Headlight flashing rules 110 to 111
- Helmets
- cyclist rule 59
- horse riders rule 49
- incidents rule 283 and First aid on the road
- motorcyclists rule 83, rule 86, rule 283 and First aid on the road

- High-Occupancy Vehicle Lanes (HOVs) rule 142 and Information signs
- Hills
- Home zones rule 206 and rule 218
- Horn rule 112 and rule 214
- Horse-drawn vehicles rules 47 to 48, rule 215 and further reading
- Horse riders rules 49 to 55, rule 163, rule 187, rules 214 to 215 and rules 253
- Hot weather rule 237
- HOVs
**see**High-Occupancy Vehicle Lanes (HOVs)

## I

- Ice cream vans rule 206
- Icy weather rule 126, rule 195, rule 213, rules 228 to 231 and rule 260
- In-vehicle technology rules 149 to 150
- Incident support vehicles rule 219
- Incidents rules 281 to 287 and First aid on the road
- dangerous goods rules 284 to 285
- documentation rules 286 to 287
- first aid rule 283 and First aid on the road
- flashing lights rule 281
- level crossing rule 299
- motorway rule 283
- warning signs rule 281

- Inexperienced drivers rule 204, rule 217 and Safety code for new drivers
- Insurance rule 287 and Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- Islands rule 7, rule 20, rule 28, rule 30, rule 197 and rule 243

## J

- Junction
**see**Road Junction

## L

- L plates Motorcycle licence requirements and Learner drivers
- Lamps and lights
**see also**Headlamps and headlights conditions/maintenance rule 113, rule 229 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security- cyclists rule 60
- horses rule 51
- pedestrians rule 5 and rule 58
- vehicles rules 113 to 116, rules 249 to 251 and rule 274

- Lane discipline rules 133 to 143 and rule 288
- dual carriageways rules 137 to 138
- motorways rules 263 to 265
- multi-lane carriageways rule 133
- one-way streets rule 143
- roundabouts rules 184 to 187
- single carriageways rule 135

- Lane dividers rule 131 and Road markings
- Large vehicles rule 126, rule 160, rule 164, rules 221 to 222, rule 233 and rule 294
**see also**Long/large vehicles - Lay-bys rules 249 to 250
- Learner drivers rule 204, rule 217, rule 253 and Learner drivers
- Level crossings rule 34, rule 54, rule 82, rule 167, rule 243 and rules 291 to 299
- Lighting requirements rule 5, rule 43, rule 48, rule 60, rules 113 to 115, rule 226, rule 229 and rules 235 to 236
- Lights
**see**Headlamps and headlights and Lamps and lights - Lines and lanes rules 127 to 132 rules 136 to 143 rules 184 to 185 and Road markings
- Littering from vehicles rule 147
- loading and unloading rules 246 to 247
- Loads rule 98 and rule 250
- Long/large vehicles
**see also**Large vehicles- cyclists rule 73 and rule 78
- junctions rule 170 and rule 173
- road works rule 288
- roundabouts rule 78 and rules 187 to 188
- trams rules 300 to 307

## M

- Maintenance of vehicles vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Manoeuvring rules 159 to 190 and rules 200 to 203
- Medicines rule 68 and rule 96
- Merging in turn rule 134 and rule 288
- Metric conversion table
- Miniature motorcycles (mini motos)
**see**Prohibited vehicles - Mini-roundabouts rules 188 to 190
- Mirrors rule 97, rule 161, rule 184, rule 202, rule 229, rules 288 to 289 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- changing lanes rule 133
- fog rules 234 to 235
- motorways rule 254 and rule 267
- moving off rule 97 and rule 159
- overtaking rule 163 and rule 267
- turning rules 179 to 180 and rule 182

- Mobile phones rule 97, rule 149, rule 270, rule 275, rule 278, rule 283, rule 285 and Petrol stations
- MOT
- Motorcycle licence
- Motorcyclist rules 83 to 88, rules 89 to 98, rule 160, rules 211 to 213, rules 232 to 233, rule 250, rule 253 and rule 306
- conspicuity rules 86 to 87
- junctions rule 88, rule 170, rule 180, rule 182 and rules 211 to 213
- learners rule 204, rule 217 and rule 253
- night riding rule 87
- overall stopping distance rule 126, rule 227, rule 230, rule 235 and rule 260
- overtaking rule 88, rule 163 and rule 230
- rear observation rule 88 and rule 212
- roundabouts rule 187
- turning rule 88
- winter rule 230 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security

- Motor tricycles
**see**Prohibited vehicles - Motorways rules 253 to 273
- breakdowns rules 274 to 277
- contraflow systems rule 290
- emergency telephones rule 275 and rule 283
- fog rule 234
- hard shoulder rule 275 and rule 290
- obstructions rules 279 to 280
- pedestrians rule 6
- road works rule 288
- signals/signs/flashing lights rules 255 to 258, rule 272 and rule 281
- stopping and parking rule 91 and rule 240
- studs rule 132

- Moving off rule 159

## N

- Narrow/winding roads
**see**Country roads - Navigation systems rule 150
- New drivers Penalties and Safety code for new drivers
- Night

## O

- Obstructions rules 279 to 280
- Older drivers rule 216
- Older pedestrians rule 62, rule 204 and rule 207
- One-way streets rule 143
- Organised walks rule 5
- Other stopping procedures rules 107 to 108
- Overhead electric lines rule 292 and rule 307
- Overtaking rule 135, rule 160, rules 162 to 169 and rule 230
- animals rule 163 and rules 214 to 215
- before overtaking rules 162
- being overtaken rules 168 to 169
- bus lanes rule 165
- crossings rule 165 and rule 191
- cyclists rule 65, rule 67, rule 129, rule 160, rule 163, rules 211 to 212 and rule 232
- dual carriageways rules 137 to 138
- horse riders rule 215
- long vehicles rule 160, rule 164 and rule 169
- motorcyclists rule 88, rule 163, rules 211 to 212 and rule 230
- motorways rules 267 to 268
- queues rule 163 and rule 288
- single-track roads rule 155
- trams rule 167, rule 301 and rule 303

## P

- Parked vehicles
- Parking rules 238 to 252 and rule 302
- bicycles rule 70
- goods vehicles rules 246 to 247
- hazard warning lights rule 116
- level crossings rule 291
- motorways rule 91 and rule 240
- at night rules 248 to 250
- pedestrian crossings rule 191
- single-track roads rule 156

- Passengers, carriage of rules 99 to 100 and rule 275
- by cyclists rule 68
- by learners Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- by horse riders rule 53
- by motorcyclists rule 85 and Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- by new drivers safety code for new drivers

- Passing places rules 155 to 156
- Pavements
- cycling rule 64 and rule 70
- driving rule 145
- horses rule 54
- parking rule 244
- pedestrians rules 1 to 2 and rule 4
- prohibited vehicles rules 157 to 158
- repairs rule 35

- Pedestrian crossings rules 18 to 30, rules 191 to 199 and rule 240
- controlled rule 7, rules 21 to 28, rule 80 and rules 196 to 199
- equestrian rule 27 and rule 79
- level rule 34
- pelican rule 7, rule 22, rule 24, rule 79 and rules 196 to 198
- puffin rule 7, rules 23 to 24, rule 79 and rule 199
- staggered rule 28
- toucan rule 7, rules 25 to 26, rule 80 and rule 199
- traffic lights rule 21
- zebra rule 7, rules 19 to 20, rule 79 and rule 195

- Pedestrians rules 1 to 35, rule 125, rule 146, rule 152, rule 154, rule 202, rules 204 to 210, rule 223 and rule 244
- blind/deaf/older rule 26, rule 62, rule 66, rule 204, rule 207 and rule 244
- cyclist rule 13, rule 62 and rule 66
- junctions rule 8, rule 170, rule 180 and rule 206
- motorways rule 6, rule 253 and rule 271
- safety rule 1, rules 204 to 210 and rule 239
- safety barrier rule 9
- tramways rule 33, rule 206, rule 223 and rule 304

- Pelican crossings rule 22, rule 28, rules 191 to 194, rules 196 to 198 and rule 240
- Penalties Penalties and Safety code for new drivers
- Pillion passengers rule 83, rule 85 and Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- Police stopping procedures rule 106
- Positioning
- at junctions rules 175 to 179, rule 186 and rule 235
- on the road rule 160

- Powered wheelchairs and powered mobility scooters rules 36 to 46, rule 220 and rule 253
- Prohibited vehicles rules 157 to 158
- Protective clothing rules 48, rule 50, rule 59 and rule 84
- Puffin crossings rules 23 to 24, rule 28, rules 191 to 194, rule 199 and rule 240
- pedestrians rule 7, rule 18 and rules 23 to 24
- cyclists rule 79

## Q

- Quad bikes
**see**Prohibited vehicles - Queues rule 169
- long vehicles rule 169
- overtaking rule 163 and rule 288
- pedestrian crossings rules 192 to 193

- Quiet lanes rule 206 and rule 218

## R

- Railway level crossings rule 34, rule 167, rule 243 and rules 291 to 294
- tactile surfaces rule 34

- Rear-facing baby seats rule 101
- Rear fog lamps rule 114, rule 226 and rule 236
- Rear-view mirrors
- condition rule 229
- driving rule 161, rule 184 and rule 202
- in fog rules 234 to 235

- Red routes rule 240, rule 247 and Road markings
- Reflective clothing
- Reflective studs
**see**Road studs - Reflectors rule 48, rule 60, You and your bike and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Residential area
- speed rule 152
- Reversing rules 200 to 203, rule 206 and rule 263
- Riding
- cycles rules 61 to 82
- horses rules 52 to 55
- motorcycles rules 83 to 88

- Road humps rule 53
- Road junctions rule 88, rule 146, rule 167, rules 170 to 183 and rule 211
- cyclists rules 72 to 75, rule 170, rules 177 to 180 and rules 182 to 183
- lanes rule 177
- parking rule 243
- pedestrians rule 8, rule 170, rule 180 and rule 206

- Road signs
**see**Traffic signs/road markings - Road studs rule 132
- Road traffic law
- Road users requiring extra care rules 204 to 218
- Road works rule 35, rule 132, rule 167 and rules 288 to 290
- Roundabouts rules 184 to 190
- cyclists rules 76 to 78 and rule 187
- horse riders rule 55 and rule 187
- long vehicles rule 78 and rules 187 to 188
- mini-roundabouts rule 186 and rules 188 to 189
- multiple-roundabouts rule 190
- road markings rules 184 to 185

- Route guidance and navigation systems rule 150

## S

- Safety barriers, pedestrian rule 9
- Safety helmets
- School crossing patrols rule 7 , rule 29 , rule 105, rule 208 and rule 210
- overtaking rule 167 and rule 209
- pole positions School crossing patrols

- Seat belts rules 99 to 100, rule 102 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Security of vehicles rule 239 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Separation distance
- Shared cycle routes rule 13 and rule 62
- Signals rules 103 to 112
- arm rule 53, rule 55, rule 67, rule 74, rule 103 and Signals to other road users
- buses rule 223
- cyclists rule 67 and rule 74
- flashing rule 31, rules 110 to 111, rule 281 and rule 293
- horseriders rule 53, rule 55 and rule 215
- junctions rule 103, rule 179, rule 182 and rule 186
- lane changes rule 133
- large goods vehicles rule 187
- motorcyclists rule 88 and Signals to other road users
- motorways rules 255 to 258, rule 266 and rules 269 to 270
- moving off rule 159
- other road users rules 103 to 104
- overtaking rule 163 and rule 267
- pedestrian crossings rules 22 to 27, rule 196 and rules 198 to 199
- police/wardens/schools/other rules 105 to 108 and Signals by authorised persons

- Single carriageways rules 135 to 136
- Single-track roads rules 155 to 156
- Skidding rule 119
- Slip roads rule 259, rule 270 and rules 272 to 273
- Slippery roads
**see**Wet/icy/slippery roads - Slow-moving traffic rule 151, rule 163 and rule 288
- Slow-moving vehicles rule 169, rule 220, rules 224 to 225, rule 253, rule 264 and rule 288
- Smoking rule 148
- Snow rules 228 to 231
- Soft tarmac rule 237
- Speed limits rules 124 to 125, rule 146, rule 152, rule 257, rule 261 and rule 288
- Speed limiters rule 222 and rule 265
- Steering conditions Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- winter driving rule 239 Stopping/parking rules 238 to 252
- bus lanes rule 240
- cycle lanes rule 140
- level crossings rule 291 and rule 294
- mobile phones rule 149
- motorways rule 91, rule 240, rules 270 to 271
- on pavements rule 244 and rule 246
- outside schools rule 238
- passing places rules 155 to 156
- pedestrian crossings rules 191 to 192, rules 196 to 197 and rule 240
- single-track roads rules 155 to 156

- Stopping distance rule 126, rule 151, rule 227, rule 230, rule 235, rule 260 and rule 289
**see also**Separation distance - Street/pavement repairs rule 35

## T

- Tactile paving rule 10
- surfaces at level crossings rule 34

- Telephones
- Theory test Licence requirements
- Tinted glasses rule 94
- Tinting, windows vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Tiredness/illness rules 90 to 91, rule 237 and rule 262
- Toucan crossings rule 7, rule 18, rule 25, rule 199 and rule 240
- Towing rule 98, rule 124 and rule 160
- Traffic calming rule 153
- Traffic lights rule 109, rules 184 to 185 and Traffic light signals
- cyclists rule 69, rule 71, rules 80 to 82 and rules 177 to 178
- green filter lights rule 177
- junctions rules 175 to 178
- level crossings rule 293 and rule 296
- pedestrians rule 21
- trams rules 300 to 301

- Traffic officers
- stopping procedures rule 108
- signals and livery Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency officers and traffic officers

- Traffic signs/road markings rule 109, rules 127 to 131, rule 134, rule 142, rule 143, rules 184 to 185, rule 234, rule 238, rule 288, rule 298 and Traffic signs
**see also**Lines and lanes- cyclists rule 63, rule 69, rule 71, rule 140 and rule 178
- junctions rules 171 to 172, rules 174 to 176, rule 178, rule 181 and rule 184
- traffic lights rule 109, rules 175 to 178 and Traffic light signals

- Traffic wardens rule 7 and rule 105
- Trailers rule 98, rule 124, rule 160, rule 246 and rule 265
- Tramways rule 223 and rules 300 to 307
- Transporting animals rule 98
- Triangles rule 172 and 274
- Tunnels rule 126
- Turning left
- bus/tram/cycle lanes rule 183
- junctions rules 182 to 183
- one-way streets rule 143
- roundabouts rule 186

- Turning right
- box junctions rule 174
- cyclists rule 74 and rule 212
- diagonal stripes/chevrons rule 130
- dual carriageways rule 137and rule 173
- junctions rules 179 to 181
- one-way streets rule 143
- roundabouts rule 186
- traffic lights rules 176 to 177

- Two-second rule rule 126
**see also**Separation distance - Tyres rule 227, You and your bicycle and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security

## U

- U-turn rule 188

## V

- Vehicle Operator Services Agency (VOSA) officers
**see**Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency officers - Vehicle condition rule 89, rule 97 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Vehicle Excise Duty
- Vehicle licence Motorcycle licence requirements and Motor vehicle documentation and learner driver requirements
- Vehicle markings rules 284 to 285 and Vehicle markings
- Vehicle Registration Certificate
- Vehicle security rule 239 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Vehicle Test Certificate (MOT)
- Visibility/view rule 94, rules 159 to 160, rules 162 to 164, rule 229 and rule 274
- fog rule 226 and rule 236
- junctions rule 88, rule 170 and rule 211
- lights rules 114 to 115, rule 226 and rule 236
- motorways rule 235 and rule 267
- overtaking rules 162 to 163, rule 166 and rule 262
- pedestrians/cyclists rule 3, rule 7, rule 146, rule 160 and rule 170
- reversing rule 202 and rule 206
- snow rules 228 to 229

- Vision rule 92
- Vulnerable pedestrians rule 207

## W

- Waiting rule 238
- Warning lights Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Water (on brakes) rule 121
- Wet/Icy/slippery roads rule 213, rules 227 to 231, rule 237 and rule 306
- White lines rules 127 to 132 and Road markings
- Windscreens/washers/wipers rule 229, rule 235 and Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
- Windy weather rules 232 to 233
- Winter driving Vehicle maintenance, safety and security
**see also**Snow/wet/icy/slippery roads

## Y

- Yellow lines rule 238, rule 247 and Road Markings
- Young children rule 4 and rule 7

## Z

- Zebra crossing rules 191 to 195 and rule 240
- cyclists rule 79
- pedestrians rule 7 and rules 18 to 20
- with a central island rule 20